Saigon is the old name of today’s Ho Chi Minh City, which is located in Vietnam. Under the name Saigon this largest city in Vietnam was known until 1975 as long as the capital of the Republic of South Vietnam (from the 1954 to 1975). On April 30, 1975, after the unification of the country named Saigon Ho Chi Minh City, which is actually the leader of the Vietnam Communist Party and president of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
However, even today there are people who still can not get used to the new name of the city and still it was named Saigon. The name Saigon city still appear in fairly registers. Saigon is located on the western shore of the River Saigon (Saigon River), which passes through the center of this largest city in Vietnam. The city is located north of the Mekong River Delta, from the South China Sea (South China Sea) you are only 60 km and the capital of Vietnam – Hanoi, Saigon is located more than 1750 km. Today in Saigon live about 3, 5 million inhabitants and the surrounding villages with population increases to about 6 million people. Saigon today is interesting, noisy, cultural city, but he (like every major Asian center) has its problems. For Saigon big problem is the significant spread of AIDS in the city. More than 12 000 people infected with HIV are in Saigon. The city ranks first in seropositive throughout Vietnam. Moreover, another significant problem Saigon there by public transport and movement in the streets. The city has a total lack of buses, metro or tram line, forcing most residents to travel with bicycles, mopeds and taxis. Due to U.S. funding is currently being built in Saigon the first two metro lines.
The original village site today Saigon began as a small fishing town named after Prey Nokor. In the following cities Saigon rose to important commercial port, which was decisive for Cambodian trade. At the end of the Vietnam War on April 30, 1975 the city fell under the control of the Vietnamese People’s Army. When you walk today in Saigon you can not help you impress the European architecture of this Asian city. The center of Saigon is still adorned with wide boulevards and historic French colonial buildings, elegant. The main attractions, you might see in downtown Saigon Palace and Reunification Palace, which is a symbol of unity, the Municipal Theatre, called. Ho Chi Minh City, National City Court. Particularly noteworthy is the cathedral of Notre-Dame, which is a small version of the French Church of Notre Dame. Saigon has some historic hotels such as “Majestic”, whose building dates from the French colonial era. Do not forget to also visit the Museum of Vietnamese History, Museum of Contemporary History. Particularly interesting is a tour of the zoo and botanical garden in Saigon, which were built back in 1865.